Monthly Archives :

November 2015

300 79 Prevance - Bridging Finance South Africa

Is jy tussen die boom en die bas met jou buurman se bome?


Jou buurman het ‘n paar jaar gelede ‘n ry bome teen julle skeidingsmuur geplant. Nou is die bome groot en takke en blare val gereeld in jou swembad en laat jou reënwaterdreinering opdam. Verder begin die wortels nie net julle skeidingsmuur lig nie maar ook die plaveisel rondom jou swembad. Wat staan jou te doen? Moet jy maar self inspring en die wortels begin verwyder voordat jou swembad ook skade kry?

Dit is ‘n algemene beginsel in ons reg dat ‘n grondeienaar (of regmatige bewoner van die grond) geregtig is om daardie eiendom te gebruik en te geniet met voorbehoud dat sodanige gebruik en genot nie onnodige of onredelike skade of ongemak vir jou buurman moet veroorsaak nie.

‘n Eienaar kan dus bome op sy eiendom plant, maar as algemene reël mag daardie bome nie inmeng met die buurman se gebruik en genot van sy eiendom of vir hom skade veroorsaak nie. Wanneer ‘n eienaar bome plant naby ‘n skeidingsmuur is daar dus ‘n plig op hom om te verseker dat die boom onderhou word sodat dit nie ‘n oorlas word of skade vir sy buurman veroorsaak nie.

Wanneer dit kom by bome en die skade wat daardeur veroorsaak kan word is daar drie hoof groepe waarna gekyk word:

Die eerste hiervan sal wees waar takke oorhang vanaf die aangrensende eiendom. In hierdie geval is die eienaar wat daardeur benadeel word geregtig om die buureienaar te versoek om die takke te verwyder. Sou die buureienaar nie reageer op sy versoek binne ‘n redelike tyd nie, sal die benadeelde eienaar geregtig wees om ‘n verwyderingsbevel aan te vra of die takke self te verwyder en die koste daarvan van die buureienaar te verhaal. Die benadeelde eienaar is egter nie geregtig om hierdie takke vir homself te hou nie behalwe met die toestemming van sy buurman of indien sy buurman versuim om die takke self te verwyder. Die benadeelde eienaar kan ook saam met die verwydersingbevel vra vir ‘n bevel vir die verywdering van toekomstige oorhangende takke.

Die tweede sal wees in die geval van blare of vrugte van bome op die aangresende eiendom wat afval en in die dreineringsisteme van ‘n eienaar beland of sy swembad besoedel. In hierdie geval sal ‘n eienaar gewoonlik nie daartoe geregtig wees om te verwag dat sy buurman sodanige vrugte of blare moet verwyder nie. Die rede hiervoor is dat die plant van bome en die gepaargaande afval van vrugte en blare gesien word as die normale gebruik van eiendom en dat skade wat veroorsaak word deur die verstopping van dreine en pompe nie geëis kan word nie siende dat ons howe van mening is dat hierdie tipe skade vermy kan word deur die gereelde skoonmaak daarvan deur ‘n eienaar.

Die derde groep is waar wortels van ‘n aangrensende eiendom se bome skade veroorsaak aan ‘n skeidingsmuur, plaveisel of selfs die aangrensende eiendom se fondamente. In die geval van wortels, kan die eienaar self die wortels afkap en as die stap onsuksesvol is kan hy die hof nader en vra dat sy buurman die boom moet verwyder en ‘n vergoedingsbevel vir skade gely aanvra.

Ons howe is dit eens dat die toets wat toegepas moet word om vas te stel of bome ‘n oorlas is en skade veroorsaak, die objektiewe redelikheidstoets is. Die toets vereis die opweeg van die belange van beide partye in die lig van die omringende omstandighede. Daar sal altyd gekyk word na die een party se plig om tot ‘n redelike mate die oorlas te verdra en die ander party se reg tot die redelike gebruik en genot van sy eiendom.

Dit is so dat wanneer dit by jou bure kom ‘n mens nie op tone wil trap nie, maar dit is belangrik dat in gedagte gehou word dat ‘n eienaar geregtig is om sy eiendom te gebruik en te geniet sonder om die heeltyd verplig te moet wees om vir skade te betaal wat veroorsaak word deur jou buurman se dade. Die beste raad is altyd om sulke probleme op ‘n hoflike manier met jou buurman te probeer oplos, maar as daar geen ander oplossing gevind kan word nie is dit belangrik om te weet dat jy wel regte het wat beskerm en afgedwing kan word.

150 150 Prevance - Bridging Finance South Africa

Water Saving Tips

With the country in the midst of a severe drought, the time to save every drop of water has arrived. Here’s how you can conserve water.

Residents living on the South Coast of KwaZulu-Natal received a rude awakening over the weekend when salt water started to come out of their taps. People understandably panicked and there was a mad rush to buy bottled water, which, given the increased demand quickly ran out.

The problem, according to a report on the South Coast Herald’s webpage, started when levels in the Bhobhoyi dam, which supplies water to most areas along the urban and rural strip of the Hibiscus Coast dropped to its lowest level ever due to the on-going drought. The municipality was forced to pump water from the river, however because of the lack of rain, salty water from the Umzimkulu estuary had moved nearly 10km upstream and had entered the Bhoboyi treatment works.

In another report on the newspaper’s webpage, a sample of the drinking water which was tested by an independent laboratory was found to have 44 parts of sea water to 56 parts of fresh water. To put this into perspective, the World Heath Organisation (WHO) laid down guidelines for drinking water in 1996. According to these guidelines, there is a limit to the amount of Total Dissolved Solids, or TDS, permitted in drinking water. The organisation deems a reading of 1200 to be ‘unacceptable’ and according to the laboratory analysis, the TDS of much of the South Coast’s tap water is currently 15400 ppm. This exceeds the maximum allowed by the WHO by a factor of about 13.

To say that those affected by this catastrophe are frightened is an understatement. People are also angry, but, while there probably are certain failures on the municipality’s part, it’s clearly evident that the water wouldn’t have been affected had the area had experienced good rains.

South Africa is caught up in one of the worst droughts in living memory and if the experts are to be believed, the situation is not going to improve much before the autumn of 2016. The time to save every drop of water you can has arrived.

Here are some water saving tips:

Put a brick or other cistern displacement device in the toilet cistern and only flush when absolutely necessary.
It’s well known that showers use a lot less water than bathing, but this doesn’t mean that you should hang about in a shower for too long. A eight minute shower could use up to 65 litres of water.
Turn off the tap when brushing teeth – this could save 6 litres of water a minute being wasted.
Always ensure that washing machines and dishwashers are loaded to capacity before use.
Use grey water (water from washing machines, dishwashers, baths and showers) to water the garden.
Use a watering can instead of a hosepipe to water the garden and mulch your plants with bark chippings or compost will help reduce evaporation. Only water in the late afternoon or evening.
Fix dripping taps.
Buy water-efficient appliances. These include dishwashers and washing machines. Install water-efficient shower heads and if you are renovating a bathroom consider installing water-oefficient toilets.
Don’t run a tap in order to get cooler water to drink – rather keep a jug of water in the fridge.
Top up swimming pools later in the day or at night.

Author: Lea Jacobs
Taken from: Private Property

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